Iron and its role in the organism

Iron and its role in the organism

Iron is a mineral needed for life, because it is a component of hemoglobin in red blood cells, myoglobin and enzymes needed for the process of respiration

Iron is a mineral from the group of trace elements needed in small quantities. But our body doesn’t  create alone reserves of iron and it must be taken with food.

SUPPLYING WITH OXYGEN: The key role is to supply oxygen to vital organs, brain, heart and liver. Secondary role of iron is to create myoglobin, an essential muscle pigment that is important because it carries oxygen to muscles and this way it adds the energy we use in physical activity. Moreover, iron stimulate growth, resistance to disease, prevents fatigue, maintain mental concentration and adds freshness and cheerfulness.

UTILIZATION: The iron is absorbed much better from animal rather than plant products. The absorption of this mineral is accelerated by vitamin C, so it is recommended with iron-rich food to drink lemonade or eat an orange. The absorption of iron is ineffective when taken with calcium-rich foods such as milk. Iron is present in food in the form of inorganic salts and organic compounds. To absorb iron from food, it should be reduced in soluble form. A large amount of iron is contained in the liver, offal, leafy green vegetables, legumes, parsley, horseradish, game, grains, almonds, pumpkin seeds, dried fruit, game meat, clams, various spices, Indian tea and rye bread.

IRON DEFICIENCY: Due to insufficient intake of this element or major blood loss occurs iron deficiency, which is reflected in insufficient quantity of hemoglobin and development of anemia. Iron deficiency can occur in lowered food intake (especially if you consume only plant foods), surgery of the stomach and duodenum chronic bleeding, prolonged and heavy menstruation, pregnancy and lactation, as well as the destruction of red blood cells as a result of disease.

ANAEMIA SYMPTOMS – fluctuations in body temperature, decreased immunity, glossitis (inflammation of the tongue), developmental delay in childhood, pale skin and mucous membranes, dizziness, rapid heartbeat, violation of appetite, fatigue and weakness.

 

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